Fossil-wood descriptions from Turkey have been increasing in recent years. The aim of the present paper is to redefine four new fossil species according to the protologue for new plant fossil names. As result, these four new fossil species are verified: Cupressinoxylon pliocenica AKKEMIK sp. nov., Cercioxylon zeynepae AKKEMIK sp. nov., Zelkovoxylon yesimae AKKEMIK et I.POOLE sp. nov. and Pistacioxylon ufukii AKKEMIK et I.POOLE sp. nov.
validation, fossil wood, description, new species
Taxodioxylon HARTING (emended by Gothan 1905) was widely described from the late Oligocene of the European part of Turkey (Thrace) and the early Miocene of greater Turkey, Anatolia. Glyptostroboxylon CONW. was also described from the early Miocene of central Anatolia. The purpose of this paper is to present a more detailed extended history of these two genera up to the late Miocene (Tortonian) with new descriptions from the Galatean Volcanic Province in central Turkey. The wood identification showed the presence of two fossil species; Glyptostroboxylon rudolphii DOLEZYCH et BURGH and Taxodioxylon gypsaceum (GÖPP.) GREGUSS. In conclusion, the swamp and lowland warm-temperate forest composition including Glyptostroboxylon and Taxodioxylon in the Galatean Volcanic Province, continued from the early Miocene (Burdigalian) to the late Miocene (Tortonian).
Galatean Volcanic Province, Glyptostroboxylon rudolphii, late Miocene, petrified forest, Taxodioxylon gypsaceum, swamp forest