Taxodioxylon HARTING (emended by Gothan 1905) was widely described from the late Oligocene of the European part of Turkey (Thrace) and the early Miocene of greater Turkey, Anatolia. Glyptostroboxylon CONW. was also described from the early Miocene of central Anatolia. The purpose of this paper is to present a more detailed extended history of these two genera up to the late Miocene (Tortonian) with new descriptions from the Galatean Volcanic Province in central Turkey. The wood identification showed the presence of two fossil species; Glyptostroboxylon rudolphii DOLEZYCH et BURGH and Taxodioxylon gypsaceum (GÖPP.) GREGUSS. In conclusion, the swamp and lowland warm-temperate forest composition including Glyptostroboxylon and Taxodioxylon in the Galatean Volcanic Province, continued from the early Miocene (Burdigalian) to the late Miocene (Tortonian).